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Showing posts with label Rhizen Pharmaceuticals S.A.. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Rhizen Pharmaceuticals S.A.. Show all posts

Monday, 14 December 2015

RP 6530, Tenalisib Rhizen Pharmaceuticals S.A.




(S)-2-(l-(9H-purin-6-ylamino)propyl)-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound A1 is RP 6530).

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CID 86291103.png

RP 6530, RP6530, RP-6530
RP6530-1401, NCI-2015-01804, 124584, NCT02567656
(S)-2-(l-(9H-purin-6-ylamino)propyl)-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-4H-chromen-4-one
3-(3-fluorophenyl)-2-[(1S)-1-(7H-purin-6-ylamino)propyl]chromen-4-one
MW415.4, C23H18FN5O2
CAS 1639417-53-0, 1693773-94-2
A PI3K inhibitor potentially for the treatment of hematologic malignancies.
An inhibitor of phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K) δ/γ isoforms and anti-cellular proliferation agent for treatment of hematol. malignancies
Rhizen Pharmaceuticals is developing RP-6530, a PI3K delta and gamma dual inhibitor, for the potential oral treatment of cancer and inflammation  In November 2013, a phase I trial in patients with hematologic malignancies was initiated in Italy ]\. In September 2015, a phase I/Ib study was initiated in the US, in patients with relapsed and refractory T-cell lymphoma. At that time, the study was expected to complete in December 2016
PATENTS……..WO 11/055215 ,  WO 12/151525.
Inventors
 Inventors Meyyappan Muthuppalaniappan, Srikant Viswanadha, Govindarajulu Babu, Swaroop Kumar V.S. Vakkalanka,

Incozen Therapeutics Pvt. Ltd., Rhizen Pharmaceuticals Sa
  • Antineoplastics; Small molecules
  • Mechanism of Action Phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase delta inhibitors; Phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase gamma inhibitors
  • Phase I Haematological malignancies
  • Preclinical Multiple myeloma
Swaroop K. V. S. Vakkalanka,
COMPANY Rhizen Pharmaceuticals Sa
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02017613
PI3K delta/gamma inhibitor RP6530 An orally active, highly selective, small molecule inhibitor of the delta and gamma isoforms of phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K) with potential immunomodulating and antineoplastic activities. Upon administration, PI3K delta/gamma inhibitor RP6530 inhibits the PI3K delta and gamma isoforms and prevents the activation of the PI3K/AKT-mediated signaling pathway. This may lead to a reduction in cellular proliferation in PI3K delta/gamma-expressing tumor cells. In addition, this agent modulates inflammatory responses through various mechanisms, including the inhibition of both the release of reactive oxygen species (ROS) from neutrophils and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha activity. Unlike other isoforms of PI3K, the delta and gamma isoforms are overexpressed primarily in hematologic malignancies and in inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. By selectively targeting these isoforms, PI3K signaling in normal, non-neoplastic cells is minimally impacted or not affected at all, which minimizes the side effect profile for this agent. Check for active clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)
Company Rhizen Pharmaceuticals S.A.
Description Dual phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) delta and gamma inhibitor
Molecular Target Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) delta ; Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) gamma
Mechanism of Action Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) delta inhibitor; Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) gamma inhibitor
Therapeutic Modality Small molecule



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Dual PI3Kδ/γ Inhibition By RP6530 Induces Apoptosis and Cytotoxicity In B-Lymphoma Cells

  1. Swaroop Vakkalanka, PhD*,1,
  2. Srikant Viswanadha, Ph.D.*,2,
  3. Eugenio Gaudio, PhD*,3,
  4. Emanuele Zucca, MD4,
  5. Francesco Bertoni, MD5,
  6. Elena Bernasconi, B.Sc.*,3,
  7. Davide Rossi, MD, Ph.D.*,6, and
  8. Anastasios Stathis, MD*,7
Swaroop Vakkalanka

Swaroop Vakkalanka

President at Rhizen Pharmaceuticals S.A.
Srikant Viswanadha

Srikant Viswanadha

Vice President at Incozen Therapeutics Pvt. Ltd.
Author Affiliations
  1. 1Rhizen Pharmaceuticals S A, La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland,
  2. 2Incozen Therapeutics Pvt. Ltd., Hyderabad, India,
  3. 3Lymphoma & Genomics Research Program, IOR-Institute of Oncology Research, Bellinzona, Switzerland,
  4. 4IOSI Oncology Institute of Southern Switzerland, Bellinzona, Switzerland,
  5. 5Lymphoma Unit, IOSI-Oncology Institute of Southern Switzerland, Bellinzona, Switzerland,
  6. 6Italian Multiple Myeloma Network, GIMEMA, Italy,
  7. 7Oncology Institute of Southern Switzerland, Bellinzona, Switzerland
RP6530 is a potent and selective dual PI3Kδ/γ inhibitor that inhibited growth of B-cell lymphoma cell lines with a concomitant reduction in the downstream biomarker, pAKT. Additionally, the compound showed cytotoxicity in a panel of lymphoma primary cells. Findings provide a rationale for future clinical trials in B-cell malignancies.

PI3K Dual Inhibitor (RP-6530)


Therapeutic Area Respiratory , Oncology – Liquid Tumors , Rheumatology Molecule Type Small Molecule
Indication Peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) , Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma , Asthma , Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) , Rheumatoid Arthritis
Development Phase Phase I Rt. of Administration Oral

Description

Rhizen is developing dual PI3K gamma/delta inhibitors for liquid tumors and inflammatory conditions.

Mechanism of Action

While alpha and beta isoforms are ubiquitous in their distribution, expression of delta and gamma is restricted to circulating hematogenous cells and endothelial cells. Unlike PI3K-alpha or beta, mice lacking expression of gamma or delta do not show any adverse phenotype indicating that targeting of these specific isoforms would not result in overt toxicity. Dual delta/gamma inhibition is strongly implicated as an intervention strategy in allergic and non-allergic inflammation of the airways and other autoimmune diseases. Scientific evidence for PI3K-delta and gamma involvement in various cellular processes underlying asthma and COPD stems from inhibitor studies and gene-targeting approaches. Also, resistance to conventional therapies such as corticosteroids in several COPD patients has been attributed to an up-regulation of the PI3K delta/gamma pathway. Disruption of PI3K-delta/gamma signalling therefore provides a novel strategy aimed at counteracting the immuno-inflammatory response. Due to the pivotal role played by PI3K-delta and gamma in mediating inflammatory cell functionality such as leukocyte migration and activation, and mast cell degranulation, blocking these isoforms may also be an effective strategy for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis as well.
Given the established criticality of these isoforms in immune surveillance, inhibitors specifically targeting the delta and gamma isoforms would be expected to attenuate the progression of immune response encountered in airway inflammation and rheumatoid arthritis.
http://www.rhizen.com/images/backgrounds/pi3k%20delta%20gamma%20ii.png

Clinical Trials

Rhizen has identified an orally active Lead Molecule, RP-6530, that has an excellent pre-clinical profile. RP-6530 is currently in non-GLP Tox studies and is expected to enter Clinical Development in H2 2013.
In December 2013, Rhizen announced the start of a Phase I clinical trial. The study entitled A Phase-I, Dose Escalation Study to Evaluate Safety and Efficacy of RP6530, a dual PI3K delta /gamma inhibitor, in patients with Relapsed or Refractory Hematologic Malignancies is designed primarily to establish the safety and tolerability of RP6530. Secondary objectives include clinical efficacy assessment and biomarker response to allow dose determination and potential patient stratification in subsequent expansion studies.

Partners by Region

Rhizen’s pipeline consists of internally discovered (with 100% IP ownership) novel small molecule programs aimed at high value markets of Oncology, Immuno-inflammtion and Metabolic Disorders. Rhizen has been successful in securing critical IP space in these areas and efforts are on for further expansion in to several indications. Rhizen seeks partnerships to unlock the potential of these valuable assets for further development from global pharmaceutical partners. At present global rights on all programs are available and Rhizen is flexible to consider suitable business models for licensing/collaboration.
In 2012, Rhizen announced a joint venture collaboration with TG Therapeutics for global development and commercialization of Rhizen’s Novel Selective PI3K Kinase Inhibitors. The selected lead RP5264 (hereafter, to be developed as TGR-1202) is an orally available, small molecule, PI3K specific inhibitor currently being positioned for the treatment of haematological malignancies.

PATENT

WO2014195888, DUAL SELECTIVE PI3 DELTA AND GAMMA KINASE INHIBITORS
https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2014195888Intermediates
Intermediate 1: 3-(3-fluorophenyl)-2-(l-hydroxypropyl)-4H-chromen-4-one: To a solution of 2-(l-bromopropyl)-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-4H-chromen-4-one1 (8.80 g, 24.36 mmol ) in DMSO (85 ml), n-butanol (5 ml) was added and heated to 120° C for 3h. The reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature (RT), quenched with water and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by column chromatography with ethyl acetate: petroleum ether to afford the title compound as a yellow solid (2.10 g, 29 %) which was used without further purification in next step.
Intermediate 2: 3-(3-fluorophenyl)-2-propionyl-4H-chromen-4-one: DMSO (1.90 ml, 26.82 mmol) was added to dichloromethane (70 ml) and cooled to -78°C. Oxalyl chloride (1.14 ml, 13.41 mmol) was then added. After 10 minutes, intermediate 1 (2.00 g, 6.70 mmol) in dichloromethane (20 ml) was added dropwise and stirred for 20 min. Triethylamine (7 ml) was added and stirred for lh. The reaction mixture was quenched with water and extracted with dichloromethane. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by column chromatography with ethyl acetate: petroleum ether to afford the title compound as a yellow liquid (1.20 g, 60%) which was used as such in next step.
Intermediate 3: (+)/(-)-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-2-(l-hydroxypropyl)-4H-chromen-4-one :
To a solution of intermediate 2 (0.600 g, 2.02 mmol) in DMF (7.65 ml) under nitrogen purging, formic acid : trietylamine 5 : 2 azeotrope (1.80 ml) was added followed by [(S,S)tethTsDpenRuCl] (3.0 mg). The reaction mixture was heated at 80°C for 1.5 hours under continuous nitrogen purging. The reaction mixture was quenched with water, extected with ethyl acetate, dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated. The crude product was purified by column chromatography with ethyl acetate: petroleum ether to afford the title compound as a yellow solid (0.450 g, 74%). Mass: 299.0 (M+).
Enantiomeric excess: 78%, enriched in the late eluting isomer (retention time: 9.72 min.) as determined by HPLC on a chiralpak AD-H column.
Intermediate 4: (+)/(-)-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-2-(l-hydroxypropyl)-4H-chromen-4-one :
The title compound was obtained as yellow solid (0.500 g, 83%) by using a procedure similar to the one described for intermediate 3, using intermediate 2 (0.600 g, 2.02 mmol), DMF (7.65 ml), formic acid : trietylamine 5 : 2 azeotrope (1.80 ml) and [(R,R)tethTsDpenRuCl] (3.0 mg). Mass: 298.9 (M+). Enantiomeric excess: 74.8%, enriched in the fast eluting isomer (retention time: 8.52 min.) as determined by HPLC on a chiralpak AD-H column.
Intermediate 5: (R)-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-2-(l-hydroxypropyl)-4H-chromen-4-one:
Step 1 : (R)-2-(l-(benzyloxy)propyl)-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-4H-chromen-4-one: To 2-(3-fluorophenyl)-l-(2-hydroxyphenyl)ethanone (2.15 g, 9.36 mmol ), in dichloromethane ( 20 ml), HATU (4.27 g, 11.23 mmol), R-(+)2-benzyloxybutyric acid (2.00 g, 10.29 mmol) were added and stirred for lOmin, then triethylamine (14.0 ml, 101.1 mmol) was added dropwise and stirred at RT for 24h. The reaction mixture was quenched with water, extracted with dichloromethane, dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by column chromatography with ethyl acetate: petroleum ether to afford the title compound as yellow solid (1.65 g, 45%). JH-NMR (δ ppm, CDC13, 400 MHz): 8.24 (dd, / = 7.9,1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.74 (dt, / = 7.1,1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.58 (dd, / = 8.3,0.4 Hz, 1H), 7.44-7.06 (m, 10H), 4.51 (d, / = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 4.34 (d, / = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 4.25 (dd, / = 7.8,6.2 Hz, 1H), 2.17-1.90 (m, 2H), 0.95 (t, / = 7.5 Hz, 3H). Mass: 389.0 (M+).
Step 2: (R)-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-2-(l-hydroxypropyl)-4H-chromen-4-one : To (R)-2-(l-(benzyloxy)propyl)-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-4H-chromen-4-one (1.50 g, 3.86 mmol) in dichloromethane (15 ml) cooled to 0°C and aluminium chloride (1.00 g, 7.72 mmol) was added portion wise and stirred at RT for 6h. The reaction mixture was quenched with 2N HC1 solution, extracted with dichloromethane, dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by column chromatography with ethyl acetate: petroleum ether to afford the title compound as yellow solid (0.552 g, 48%).‘ JH-NMR (δ ppm, CDC13, 400 MHz): 8.24 (dd, / = 8.0,1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.72 (m, , 1H), 7.52 (dd, / = 8.4,0.5 Hz, 1H), 7.44 (m, 2H), 7.12-7.01(m,3H), 4.49 (t, / = 7.0 Hz, 1H), 1.94 (m, 2H), 0.93 (t, / = 7.5 Hz, 3H). Mass: (299.0(M+). Purity: 96.93%.
25[a] D -14.73 (c = 1, CHCI3). Enantiomeric excess: 85.92%, enriched in the fast eluting isomer (retention time: 8.57 min.) as determined by HPLC on a chiralpak AS-3R column.
Compound A
(RS)- 2-(l-(9H-purin-6-ylamino)propyl)-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-4H-chromen-4-one
To a solution of intermediate 1 (2.50 g, 8.41 mmol) in THF (25 ml), tert-butyl 9-trityl-9H-purin-6-ylcarbamate (4.81 g, 10.09 mmol) and triphenylphosphine (3.31 g, 12.62 mmol) were added and stirred at RT for 5 min. Diisopropylazodicarboxylate (2.5 ml, 12.62 mmol) was added and stirred at RT for 2h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and column chromatographed with ethyl acetate : petroleum ether to afford a yellow coloured intermediate. To the intermediate, dichloromethane (65 ml) and trifluoroacetic acid (7.9 ml) were added and the resulting mixture was stirred at RT for 12 h. The reaction mixture was then basified with aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution, extracted with dichloromethane and dried over sodium sulphate. The crude product was purified by column chromatography with methanol: dichloromethane to afford the title compound as pale-brown solid (1.05 g, 30 %). MP: 148-150°C. Mass: 415.6 (M+).
Compound Al
(S)-2-(l-(9H-purin-6-ylamino)propyl)-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-4H-chromen-4-one
Method A: To a solution of intermediate 3 (0.250 g, 0.838 mmol) in THF (5ml), tert-butyl 9-trityl-9H-purin-6-ylcarbamate (0.479 g, 1.00 mmol) and triphenylphosphine (0.329 g, 1.25 mmol) were added and the resulting mixture was stirred at RT for 5 min. Diisopropylazodicarboxylate (0.25 ml, 1.25 mmol) was then added and stirred at RT for 12 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and column chromatographed with ethyl acetate: pet.ether to afford the yellow coloured intermediate. To the intermediate in dichloromethane (6 ml), trifluoroacetic acid (1.2 ml) was added stirred at RT for 12 h. The reaction mixture was basified with aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution, extracted with dichloromethane and dried over sodium sulphate. The crude product was purified by column chromatography with methanol: dichloromethane to afford the title compound as an off-white solid (0.015 g, 4 %). MP: 137-140°C. JH-NMR (δ ppm, DMSO- , 400 MHz): 12.94 (s, 1H), 8.12-8.10 (m, 4H), 7.84-7.80 (m, 1H), 7.61 (d, / = 8.3 Hz, 1H), 7.50-7.41 (m, 2H), 7.28-7.18 (m, 3H), 5.20-5.06 (m, 1H), 2.10-1.90 (m, 2H), 0.84 (t, / = 3.7 Hz, 3H). Enantiomeric excess: 77.4% as determined by HPLC on a chiralpak AD-H column, enriched in the fast eluting isomer (retention time = 7.90 min.).
Method B : To a solution of intermediate 5 (2.60 g, 8.68 mmol) in THF (52 ml), tert-butyl 9-trityl-9H-purin-6-ylcarbamate (4.96 g, 10.42 mmol) and triphenylphosphine (2.76 g, 13.03 mmol) were added and the resulting mixture was stirred at RT for 5 min. Dusopropylazodicarboxylate (0.25 ml, 1.25 mmol) was then added and stirred at RT for 12 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and column chromatographed with ethyl acetate: petroleum ether to afford the yellow coloured intermediate. To the intermediate in dichloromethane (55 ml), trifluoroacetic acid (14.2 ml) was added and stirred at RT for 12 h. The reaction mixture was basified with aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution, extracted with dichloromethane and dried over sodium sulphate. The crude product was purified by column chromatography with methanol: dichloromethane to afford the title compound as pale-yellow solid (1.00 g, 27 %). MP: 168-170°C. Mass: 416.5(M++1) Enantiomeric excess: 86.5% as determined by HPLC on a chiralpak AD-H column, enriched in the fast eluting isomer (retention time = 7.90 min.).
Method C : The title compound was separated by preparative SFC conditions from Compound A (1.090 g) on a CHIRALPAK AY-H column (250 x 30 mm; 5μπι) using methanol : C(¾ (35:65) as the mobile phase at a flow rate of 80 g / min. Off-white solid (0.378 g). e.e. 100%. Rt: 2.37 min. Mass: 416.1(M++1). MP: 149-152°C.
PATENT
WO 2011055215
Scheme 1A

CAUTION        ethyl compd below, NOT THE PRODUCT

Example 47
(S)-2-(l-(9H-purin-6-yIamino) ethyl)-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-4H-chromen-4-one
[428] To a solution of intermediate 65 (2.0g, 8.68 mmoles) in dichloromethane (20ml), triethylamine (3.6ml, 26.06 mmoles) was added followed by N-Boc-Alanine (1.97g, 10.42 mmoles). To this mixture HATU (6.6g, 17.37 mmoles) was added and stirred at RT for 12h. The reaction mixture was quenched by the addition of water and extracted with dichloromethane. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by column chromatography with ethyl acetate: petroleum ether to afford the isoflavone intermediate (1.70g). To a solution of this intermediate (1.7g) in dichloromethane (20ml), trifluoroacetic acid (3 ml) was added and stirred at RT for 2h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, basified with sodium bicarbonate solution, extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated under reduced pressure to afford the amine intermediate (0.641 g). To a solution of this amine intermediate (0.30g, 1.05 mmoles) in tert-butanol (6ml), N, N- diisopropylethylamine (0.36ml, 2.17 mmoles) and 6-bromopurine (0.168g, 0.847 mmoles) were added and refluxed for 24h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, diluted with water, extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by column chromatography with methanol: ethyl acetate to afford the title compound as off-white solid (0.041g, 10% yield). MP: 135-138 °C. Ή-NMR (δ ppm, DMSO-D6, 400 MHz): δ 12.95(s,lH), 8.15(t, / = 6.8Hz, 1H), 8.11(s, 1H), 8.08(s, 1H), 8.03(d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.81(t ,J = 7.3Hz, 1H), 7.60 (d, J = 8.3Hz, 1H), 7.49 (t, J = 7.3Hz, 2H), 7.25(m,3H), 5.19(br m, 1H), 1.56(d, J = 6.9Hz,3H). Mass: 402.18(M+ +1).
PATENT
WO 2012151525
Scheme 1
Base
This scheme provides a synthetic route for the preparation of compound of formula wherein all the variables are as described herein in above
15 14 10 12 12a
 CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS

Abstract 2704: RP6530, a dual PI3K δ/γ inhibitor, potentiates ruxolitinib activity in the JAK2-V617F mutant erythroleukemia cell lines

  1. Swaroop Vakkalanka1,
  2. Seeta Nyayapathy2, and
  3. Srikant Viswanadha2
Author Affiliations
  1. 1Rhizen Pharmaceuticals SA, Fritz-Courvoisier 40, Switzerland;
  2. 2Incozen Therapeutics Pvt. Ltd., Hyderabad, India.
Proceedings: AACR 106th Annual Meeting 2015; April 18-22, 2015; Philadelphia, PA

Abstract

Background: Myelofibrosis (MF) represents a life-threatening neoplasm that manifests particularly in the elderly population and is characterized by bone marrow fibrosis and extramedullary hematopoeisis. While ruxolitinib, a JAK1/2 inhibitor, has recently been approved by the USFDA for its disease modifying potential in MF patients, it is still not considered as a curative option. Targeting another kinase such as PI3K, downstream of JAK, could therefore be a more efficient way of treating myelofibrotic neoplasms. RP6530 is a novel, potent, and selective PI3K δ/γ inhibitor that demonstrated high potency against PI3Kδ (IC50 = 25 nM) and γ (IC50 = 33 nM) enzymes with selectivity over α (>300-fold) and β (>100-fold) isoforms. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a combination of ruxolitinib and RP6530 in the JAK2-V617F mutant Human Erythroleukemia (HEL) cell line.
Methods: Passive resistance was conferred by incubating HEL cells with increasing concentrations of ruxolitinib over an 8-10-week period. Endogenous JAK2, PI3Kδ, PI3Kδ, and pAKT were estimated by Western Blotting. RP6530, ruxolitinib, and the combination of RP6530 + Ruxolitinib were tested for their effect on viability and apoptosis. Cell viability was assessed by a MTT assay. Induction of apoptosis was analyzed by Annexin V/PI staining.
Results: Resistance to ruxolitinib was confirmed by a right-ward shift in EC50 of ruxolitinib in a HEL cell proliferation assay (0.82 μM Vs. 12.2 μM). Endogeous pAKT expression was 3.7-fold higher in HEL-RR compared to HEL-RS cells indicating activation of the AKT signaling pathway. While single-agent activity of RP6530 was modest (33-46% inhibition @ 10 μM) in both HEL-RS and HEL-RR cells, addition of 10 μM RP6530 to ruxolitinib was synergistic resulting in a near-complete inhibition of proliferation (>90% for HEL-RS and >70% for HEL-RR). While the order of addition did not affect the potency of RP6530, addition of 5 μM RP6530, 4 h prior to the addition of ruxolitinib resulted in a significant reduction in EC50 of ruxolitinib (5.8 μM) in HEL-RR cells. On lines with cell proliferation data, incubation of 10 μM RP6530 with ruxolitinib for 72 h increased the percent of apoptotic cells (55% in HEL-RS and 37% in HEL-RR) compared to either agent alone (16-27% in HEL-RS and 17-21% in HEL-RR).
Conclusions: Ruxolitinib resistance in the V617F JAK-2 mutant HEL cells is accompanied by an increase in pAKT expression. Inhibition of pAKT via the addition of RP6530, a dual PI3K δ/γ inhibitor, resulted in a reversal of ruxolitinib resistance. Complementary activity was also observed in HEL-RS cells indicating that a combination of ruxolitinib and RP6530 could have a positive bearing on the clinical outcome in MF patients.
Citation Format: Swaroop Vakkalanka, Seeta Nyayapathy, Srikant Viswanadha. RP6530, a dual PI3K δ/γ inhibitor, potentiates ruxolitinib activity in the JAK2-V617F mutant erythroleukemia cell lines. [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 106th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research; 2015 Apr 18-22; Philadelphia, PA. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2015;75(15 Suppl):Abstract nr 2704. doi:10.1158/1538-7445.AM2015-2704
REFERENCES
December 2014, data were presented at the 56th ASH Meeting in San Francisco, CA.
April 2015, preclinical data were presented at the 106th AACR Meeting in Philadelphia, PA. RP-6530 had GI50 values of 17,028 and 22,014 nM, respectively
December 2013, preclinical data were presented at the 55th ASH Meeting in New Orleans, LA.
June 2013, preclinical data were presented at the 18th Annual EHA Congress in Stockholm, Sweden. RP-6530 inhibited PI3K delta and gamma isoforms with IC50 values of 24.5 and 33.2 nM, respectively.
  • 01 Sep 2015 Phase-I clinical trials in Haematological malignancies (Second-line therapy or greater) in USA (PO) (NCT02567656)
  • 18 Nov 2014 Preclinical trials in Multiple myeloma in Switzerland (PO) prior to November 2014
  • 18 Nov 2014 Early research in Multiple myeloma in Switzerland (PO) prior to November 2014
WO2011055215A2 Nov 3, 2010 May 12, 2011 Incozen Therapeutics Pvt. Ltd. Novel kinase modulators
WO2012151525A1 May 4, 2012 Nov 8, 2012 Rhizen Pharmaceuticals Sa Novel compounds as modulators of protein kinases
WO2013164801A1 May 3, 2013 Nov 7, 2013 Rhizen Pharmaceuticals Sa Process for preparation of optically pure and optionally substituted 2- (1 -hydroxy- alkyl) – chromen – 4 – one derivatives and their use in preparing pharmaceuticals
US20110118257
May 19, 2011 Rhizen Pharmaceuticals Sa Novel kinase modulators
US20120289496 May 4, 2012 Nov 15, 2012 Rhizen Pharmaceuticals Sa Novel compounds as modulators of protein kinases
WO 2014195888
WO 2011055215
WO2015175966
WO2015051252
  • BC Innovations, Therapeutics
    Indication Target/marker/pathway Summary Licensing status Publication and contact information Cardiovascular disease Intimal hyperplasia Phosphoinositide 3-kinase-g (PI3Kg) Rodent studies suggest inhibiting …
  • BC Innovations, Targets & Mechanisms
    Targets & Mechanisms: PI3K inhibition: solid immunotherapy Table 1. A peek at PI3K inhibitors. According to a study in Nature by Ali et al., inhibition of phosphoinositide 3-kinase-d (PI3Kd) or the PI3K catalytic …
  • Week in Review, Clinical Status
    Rhizen Pharmaceuticals S.A., La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland Product: RP6530 Business: Cancer Molecular target: Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) delta; Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) gamma Description: Dual …
  • Week in Review, Preclinical Results
    Rhizen Pharmaceuticals S.A., La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland Product: RP6530 Business: Cancer Indication: Treat B cell lymphoma In vitro, 2-7 M RP6530 led to a >50% dose-dependent inhibition in growth of immortalized …
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c1cccc4c1C(/C(=C(/[C@H](CC)Nc3c2c(ncn2)ncn3)O4)c5cc(ccc5)F)=O
CCC(C1=C(C(=O)C2=CC=CC=C2O1)C3=CC(=CC=C3)F)NC4=NC=NC5=C4NC=N5

TGR-1202, a Phosphoinositide-3 kinase delta inhibitor, Rhizen Pharmaceuticals S.A./TG Therapeutics

rp-5264.png
TGR 1202, TGR-1202-101, RP 5264
AK173784;
(S)-2-(1-(4-amino-3-(3-fluoro-4-isopropoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)ethyl)-6-fluoro-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-4H-chromen-4-one
(S)-2-(l-(4-amino-3-(3-fluoro-4-isopropoxyphenyl)-lH-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-l-yl)ethyl)-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-4H-chromen-4-one,
2-[(1S)-1-[4-amino-3-(3-fluoro-4-propan-2-yloxyphenyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]ethyl]-6-fluoro-3-(3-fluorophenyl)chromen-4-one
CAS 1532533-67-7, 1514919-95-9
Molecular Formula: C31H24F3N5O3
Molecular Weight: 571.54917 g/mol

A PI3K inhibitor potentially for treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia, leukemia,lymphoma,B-cell
TGR‐1202, a next generation PI3K-δ delta inhibitor. TGR-1202 (RP-5264) is a highly specific, orally available, PI3K delta inhibitor, targeting the delta isoform with nanomolar potency and several fold selectivity over the alpha, beta, and gamma isoforms of PI3K.
TG Therapeutics, under license from Rhizen Pharmaceuticals, is developing TGR-1202 (structure shown; formerly RP-5264), a lead from a program of PI3K delta inhibitors, for the potential oral treatment of hematological cancers including Hodgkin lymphoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), B-cell lymphoma and mantle cell lymphoma (MCL)
Incozen Therapeutics Pvt Ltd
TG Therapeutics
TGR-1202 potential to perform as the best PI3K inhibitor in its class and the possible superiority of TG-1101 over Rituxan®.

Rhizen Pharmaceuticals S.A.
Description Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) delta inhibitor
B-cell lymphoma; Chronic lymphocytic leukemia; Hematological neoplasm; Hodgkins disease; Mantle cell lymphoma; Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
Phosphoinositide-3 kinase delta inhibitor
rp-5264.png
SYNTHESIS
str1
str1
Swaroop Vakkalanka

Swaroop Vakkalanka

President at Rhizen Pharmaceuticals S.A.
Rhizen Pharmaceuticals S A, La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland,

Rhizen Pharmaceuticals Announces Out-licensing Agreement for TGR-1202, a Novel Next Generation PI3K-delta Inhibitor

Rhizen to receive upfront payment of $8.0 million — Rhizen to retain global manufacturing and supply rights — Rhizen to retain development and commercialization for India

Rhizen to retain development and commercialization for India

| Source: Rhizen Pharmaceuticals SA
La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland, Sept. 23, 2014 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Rhizen Pharmaceuticals S.A. today announced an out-licensing agreement for TGR-1202, a novel next generation PI3K-delta inhibitor. TG Therapeutics exercised its option for early conversion to a licensing agreement from a 50:50 joint venture partnership.
In exchange for this licensing agreement, TG Therapeutics will pay Rhizen an upfront payment of $8.0 million ($4.0 million in cash and $4.0 million in TG Therapeutics common stock).  In addition to the upfront payment, Rhizen will be eligible to receive regulatory filing, approval and sales based milestones in the aggregate of approximately $240 million, and tiered royalties based on net sales.
Swaroop Vakkalanka, Ph.D. and President of Rhizen stated, “We are extremely happy and take pride in discovering a novel, next generation, once-daily PI3K-delta inhibitor under active development led by TG Therapeutics.  We are encouraged by the progress of TRG-1202 to date, and the speed at which TG Therapeutics is developing the asset in various hematological malignancies.  We look forward to the day this novel drug reaches cancer patients in need of new and safe therapies.”
About Rhizen Pharmaceuticals S.A.:
Rhizen Pharmaceuticals is an innovative, clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on the discovery and development of novel therapeutics for the treatment of cancer, immune and metabolic disorders.  Since its establishment in 2008, Rhizen has created a diverse pipeline of proprietary drug candidates targeting several cancers and immune associated cellular pathways.  Rhizen is headquartered in La-Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland.  For additional information, please visit Rhizen’s website, www.rhizen.com.



TGR-1202.with Idelalisib and IPI-145 (left to right) for comparison.
TGTX structureIdelalisib StrutureIPI-145 Structure





IPI 145

PATENTS

WO 2011055215
http://www.google.com/patents/WO2011055215A2?cl=en


PATENT
WO 2015181728
https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2015181728
TGR-1202, chemically known as (S)-2-(l-(4-amino-3-(3-fluoro-4-isopropoxyphenyl)-lH-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-l-yl)ethyl)-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-4H-chromen-4-one, has the following chemical structure:


Example 1: Preparation of the PTSA Salt of TGR-1202 (Form A)

7100 g of TGR-1202 was charged in a reactor containing 56.8 litres of acetone and stirred at ambient temperature. 4680 g of p-toluene sulphonic acid was added and the reaction mixture was heated at a temperature of 60-65° C for about 6 hours. The solvent was removed by distillation under reduced pressure to obtain a wet residue. The wet residue was degassed and allowed to cool to < 20° C. Approximately 142 litres of diethyl ether was then added and the resulting mixture was stirred overnight, then filtered to obtain a solid mass which was washed with diethyl ether and dried in vacuo to yield a solid mass. The solid mass was re-suspended in diethyl ether, stirred for 6 hours, and then filtered to yield a solid mass which was subsequently dissolved in 56.8 litres of acetone, filtered through a HiFlow bed, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting residue mass was stirred with water overnight, then filtered and vacuum dried to yield 6600 g of the PTSA salt of TGR-1202. HPLC: 99.21% and chiral purity of 99.64:0.36 (S:R).
Example 2: Preparation of the PTSA Salt of TGR-1202 (Form B)

1000 g of TGR-1202 was charged in a reactor containing 8 litres of acetone and stirred at ambient temperature. 666 g of p-toluene sulphonic acid was then added and the reaction mixture was heated at a temperature of 60-65 °C for about 6 hours. The solvent was removed by distillation under reduced pressure to obtain a wet residue. The wet residue was degassed and allowed to cool to < 20° C. Approximately 20 litres of diethyl ether was added and the resulting mixture was stirred overnight, then filtered to obtain a solid mass which was washed with diethyl ether and dried in vacuo to yield a solid mass which was then vacuum dried to yield 1150 g of the PTSA salt of TGR-1202. HPLC: 99.33% and chiral purity: 99.61:0.39 (S:R).
Table 1 lists the XRPD pattern peaks and relative peak intensities for the products of Examples 1 and 2.
TABLE 1


The tablet composition comprising a PTSA salt of TGR-1202 prepared according to Example 2 exhibited a Cmax about 2.5 fold and an area under the curve (AUC) about 1.9 fold greater than that of the tablet composition comprising a PTSA salt of TGR-1202 prepared according to Example 1. The results are provided in Table 8 below.
TABLE 8



PATENT
WO 2014071125
http://www.google.com/patents/WO2014071125A1?cl=en
formula (A) that is a ΡΒΚδ selective inhibitor,
(A)
Synthesis of Compound of Formula A
Unless otherwise stated, purification implies column chromatography using silica gel as the stationary phase and a mixture of petroleum ether (boiling at 60-80°C) and ethyl acetate or dichloromethane and methanol of suitable polarity as the mobile phases. The term “RT” refers to ambient temperature (25-28°C).
Intermediate 1 : 2-( l-bromoethyl)-6-fluoro-3-f3-fluorophenyl)-4H-chromen-4-one
Step-1 [l-(5-Fluoro-2-hydroxyphenyl)-2-(3-fluorophenyl)ethanone]: 3- Fluorophenylacetic acid (7.33 g, 47.56 mmoles) was dissolved in 25 ml dichloromethane. To this mixture, oxalylchloride (7.54 g, 59.46 mmoles) and DMF (3 drops) were added at 0°C and stirred for 30 min. The solvent was evaporated and dissolved in 25 ml dichloromethane. To this mixture, 4-fluoroanisole (5.00 g, 39.64 mmoles) was added and cooled to 0°C. At 0°C A1C13 (7.95 g, 59.46 mmoles) was added and the reaction mixture was warmed to RT and stirred for 12 hours. The reaction mixture was quenched by the addition of 2N HC1, extracted with ethyl acetate, dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated. The crude product was purified by column chromatography with ethyl acetate :petroleum ether to afford the title compound as colorless solid (4.5 g, 45% yield). 1H-NMR (δ ppm, DMSO-D6, 400 MHz): δ 11.34 (s, 1H), 7.75 (dd, J=9.4, 3.1 Hz, 1H), 7.42 (m, 2H), 7.12 (m, 3H), 7.05 (dd, J=9.0, 4.5 Hz, 1H), 4.47 (s, 2H).
Step-2 [2-Ethyl-6-fiuoro-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-4H-chromen-4-one]: l-(5-Fluoro-2- hydroxyphenyl)-2-(3-fluorophenyl)ethanone obtained from Step-1 (3.00 g, 12.08 mmoles) was placed in a round bottom flask and to this triethylamine (25 ml) and propionic anhydride (4.92 g, 37.82 mmoles) were added, and the mixture was refluxed for 24 hours. After cooling to RT, the reaction mixture was acidified by the addition of IN HC1 solution, extracted with ethyl acetate, washed with sodium bicarbonate solution, dried with sodium sulphate and concentrated. The crude product was purified by column chromatography with ethyl acetate :petroleum ether to afford the title compound as off-yellow solid (1.80 g, 52% yield). 1H-NMR (δ ppm, DMSO-D6, 400 MHz): δ 7.80 (m, 1H), 7.76 (m, 2H), 7.51 (dd, J=8.0, 6.4 Hz), 7.22 (m, 1H), 7.18 (m, 2H), 2.56 (q, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 1.20 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 3H).
Step-3: To a solution of 2-Ethyl-6-fluoro-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-4H-chromen-4-one obtained from Step-2 (1.80 g, 6.28 mmoles) in carbon tetrachloride (20 ml), N- bromosuccinimide (1.11 g, 6.28 mmoles) was added and heated to 80°C. Azobisisobutyronitrile (10 mg) was added to the reaction mixture at 80°C. After 12 hours, the reaction mixture was cooled to RT, diluted with dichloromethane and washed with water. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated under reduced pressure to afford the crude title compound as yellow solid (1.25 g, 55% yield). 1H-NMR (δ ppm, DMSO-D6, 400 MHz): δ 7.91 (dd, J=9.2, 4.3 Hz, 1H), 7.81 (dt, j=8.2, 2.8 Hz, 1H), 7.74 (dd, J=8.3, 3.1 Hz, 1H), 7.57 (m, 1H), 7.32 (dt, J=8.5, 2.4 Hz, 1H), 7.19 (m, 2H), 5.00 (q, J=6.8 Hz, 1H), 1.97 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 3H).
Intermediate 2: 6-fluoro-3-f3-fluorophenyl)-2-fl-hvdroxyethyl)-4H-chromen-4-one
To a solution of Intermediate 1 (15.0 g, 40.84 mmol) in DMSO (150 ml), n-butanol (7.5 ml) was added and heated to 120°C for 3 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to RT, quenched with water and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by column chromatography with ethyl acetate: petroleum ether to afford the title compound as an off-white solid (7.90 g, 64%). 1H-NMR (δ ppm, CDC13, 400 MHz): 7.85 (dd, J = 8.1, 3 Hz, 1H), 7.54 (dd, J = 9.2, 4.2 Hz, 1H), 7.47-7.37 (m, 2H), 7.15-6.98 (m, 3H), 4.74 (quintet, J= 6.8 Hz, 1H), 2.23 (d, J = 7.4 Hz, 1H), 1.54 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 3H).
Intermediate 3 : 2-acetyl-6-fluoro-3-( 3-fluorophenyl)-4H-chromen-4-one
DMSO (5.60 ml, 79.14 mmol) was added to dichloromethane (40 ml), and cooled to – 78°C, followed by oxalyl chloride (3.40 ml, 39.57 mmol). After 10 min., intermediate 2 (6.00 g, 19.78 mmol) in dichloromethane (54 ml) was added dropwise and stirred for 20 min.
Triethylamine (12 ml) was added and stirred for 1 hour. The reaction mixture was quenched with water and extracted with dichloromethane. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by column chromatography with ethyl acetate: petroleum ether to afford the title compound as a yellow solid (4.2 g, 71%) which was used as such in the next step.
Intermediate 4: fS)-6-fluoro-3-f3-fluorophenyl)-2-fl-hvdroxyethyl)-4H-chromen-4-one
To intermediate 3 (2.00 g, 6.66 mmol), R-Alpine borane (0.5 M in THF, 20 ml) was added and heated to 60°C for 20 hours. The reaction mixture quenched with 2N HC1, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by column chromatography with ethyl acetate: petroleum ether to afford the title compound as an off-white solid (1.51 g, 75%).
Enantiomeric excess: 94.2%, enriched in the fast eluting isomer (retention time: 8.78 min.) as determined by HPLC on a chiralpak AD-H column.
Intermediate 5: fR)-l-f6-fluoro-3-f3-fluorophenyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-2-yl)ethyl 4- chlorobenzoate
To a solution of intermediate 4 (1.45 g, 4.78 mmol) in THF (15 ml), 4-chlorobenzoic acid (0.748 g, 4.78 mmol) and triphenylphosphine (1.88 g, 7.17 mmol) were added and heated to 45°C followed by diisopropylazodicarboxylate (1.4 ml, 7.17 mmol). After 1 hour, the reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was purified by column chromatography with ethyl acetate: petroleum ether to afford the title compound as an off-white solid (1.81 g, 86%) which was used without purification in the next step. Intermediate 6: fR)-6-fluoro-3-f3-fluorophenyl)-2-fl-hvdroxyethyl)-4H-chromen-4-one
Method A
Intermediate 5 (1.75 g, 3.96 mmol) in methanol (17 ml) was cooled to 10°C, potassium carbonate (0.273 g, 1.98 mmol) was added and stirred for 30 min. The reaction mixture was concentrated, acidified with 2N HCl solution, extracted with ethyl acetate, dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by column chromatography with ethyl acetate: petroleum ether to afford the title compound as a yellow solid (1.05 g, 87% yield). Enantiomeric excess: 93.6%>, enriched in the late eluting isomer (retention time: 11.12 min.) as determined by HPLC on a chiralpak AD-H column.
Method B
Step-1 [(R)-2-(l-(benzyloxy)ethyl)-6-fluoro-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-4H-chromen-4-one]: To l-(5-fluoro-2-hydroxyphenyl)-2-(3-fluorophenyl)ethanone (11.00 g, 44.31 mmol) in dichloromethane, HATU (33.7 g, 88.63 mmol) and R-(+)2-benzyloxypropionic acid (9.58 g, 53.17 mmol) were added and stirred for 10 min. Triethylamine (66.7 ml, 0.47 mol) was added dropwise and stirred at RT for 24 hours. The reaction mixture was quenched with water, extracted with dichloromethane, dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by column chromatography with ethyl acetate:
petroleum ether to afford the title compound as a yellow solid (10.5 g, 60%> yield). 1H-NMR (δ ppm, CDCls, 400 MHz): 7.85 (dd, J = 8.1,3 Hz, 1H), 7.58 (dd, J = 9.1, 4.1 Hz, 1H), 7.47-7.39 (m, 1H), 7.39-7.34 (m, 1H), 7.28-7.20 (m, 3H), 7.20-7.14 (m, 2H), 7.16-7.07 (m, 1H), 6.99-6.89 (m, 2H), 4.50-4.31 (m, 3H), 1.56 (d, J = 6.4 Hz, 3H).
Step-2: (R)-2-(l-(benzyloxy)ethyl)-6-fluoro-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-4H-chromen-4-one obtained in Step-1 (10.5 g, 26.69 mmol) in dichloromethane (110 ml) was cooled to 0°C, aluminium chloride (5.35 g, 40.03 mmol) was added portionwise and stirred at RT for 6 hours. The reaction mixture was quenched with 2N HCl solution, extracted with dichloromethane, dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by column chromatography with ethyl acetate: petroleum ether to afford intermediate 6 a yellow solid (6.1 g, 76% yield). Enantiomeric excess: 97.7%, enriched in the late eluting isomer (retention time: 11.12 min.) as determined by HPLC on a chiralpak AD-H column.
Intermediate 7: 4-bromo-2-fluoro-l-isopropoxybenzene
To a solution of 4-bromo-3-fluorophenol (10 g, 52.35 mmol) in THF (100ml), isopropyl alcohol (4.8 ml, 62.62 mmol) and triphenylphosphine (20.6 g, 78.52 mmol) were added and heated to 45°C followed by diisopropylazodicarboxylate (15.4 ml, 78.52 mmol). The mixture was refluxed for 1 hour, concentrated and the residue was purified by column
chromatography with ethyl acetate: petroleum ether to afford the title compound as a colorless liquid (13.1 g, 99% yield), which was used without purification in the next step.
Intermediate 8: 2-f3-fluoro-4-isopropoxyphenyl)-4,4,5.,5-tetramethyl-l,3i2-dioxaborolane
Potassium acetate (10.52 g, 107.2 mmol) and bis(pinacolato)diboron (15 g, 58.96 mmol) were added to a solution of intermediate 7 (10.52 g, 107.2 mmol) in dioxane (125 ml), and the solution was degassed for 30 min. [l, -Bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene]dichloro palladium(II) CH2CI2 (4.4 g, 5.36 mmol) was added under nitrogen atmosphere and heated to 80°C. After 12 hours, the reaction mixture was filtered through celite and concentrated. The crude product was purified by column chromatography with ethyl acetate: petroleum ether to afford the title compound as a yellow oil (13.9g, 99%) which was used without purification in the next step.
Intermediate 9: 3-f3-fluoro-4-isopropoxyphenyl)-lH-pyrazolo[3.,4-dlpyrimidin-4-amine
To a solution of 3-iodo-lH-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (11.0 g, 42.14 mmol) in DMF (110 ml), ethanol (55 ml) and water (55 ml), intermediate 8 (23.4 g, 84.28 mmol) and sodium carbonate (13.3 g, 126.42 mmol) were added and degassed for 30 min.
Tetrakis(triphenylphosphine)palladium(0) (2.4 g, 2.10 mmol) was added under nitrogen atmosphere and heated to 80°C. After 12 hours, the reaction mixture was filtered through celite, concentrated and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was triturated with diethyl ether, filtered and dried under vacuum to afford the title compound as light brown solid (3.2 g, 26% yield) which is used as such for the next step.
(RS)- 2-fl-f4-amino-3-f3-fluoro-4-isopropoxyphenyl)-lH-pyrazolo[3.,4-(ilpyrimi(iin-l- yl)ethyl)-6-fluoro-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-4H-chromen-4-one
To a solution of intermediate 9 (0.080 g, 0.293 mmol) in DMF (2 ml), potassium carbonate (0.081 g, 0.587 mmol) was added and stirred at RT for 10 min. To this mixture intermediate 1 (0.215 g, 0.587 mmol) was added and stirred for 12 hours. The reaction mixture was diluted with water and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by column chromatography with methanol: dichloromethane to afford the title compound as a pale yellow solid (0.045 g). MP: 175-177°C. 1H-NMR (δ ppm, DMSO-D6, 400 MHz): δ 8.20 (s, 1H), 7.85 (dd, J = 81, 3.0 Hz, 1H), 7.48-7.33 (m, 5H), 7.14 (t, J= 8.3 Hz, 1H), 7.02 (m, 2H), 6.90 (m, 1H), 6.10 (q, J = 7.1 Hz, 1H), 5.42 (s, 2H), 4.64 (quintet, J = 6.0 Hz, 1H), 1.99 (d, J = 7.1 Hz, 3H), 1.42 (d, J= 6.1 Hz, 6H).
fS)-2-fl-f4-amino-3-f3-fluoro-4-isopropoxyphenyl)-lH-pyrazolo[3.,4-(ilpyrimi(iin-l- yl)ethyl)-6-fluoro-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-4H-chromen-4-one (“S-isomer”)
To a solution of intermediate 9 (0.134 g, 0.494 mmol) in THF (2.0 ml), intermediate 6 (0.150 g, 0.494 mmol) and triphenylphosphine (0.194 g, 0.741 mml) were added and stirred at RT for 5 min. Diisopropylazodicarboxylate (0.15 ml, 0.749 mmol) was added heated to 45°C. After 2 hours, the reaction mixture was quenched with water and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by column chromatography with ethyl acetate : petroleum ether to afford the title compound as an off-white solid (0.049 g, 20 % yield). MP: 139-142°C. Mass: 571.7 (M+). Enantiomeric excess: 89.8% as determined by HPLC on a chiralpak AD-H column, enriched in the fast eluting isomer (retention time = 10.64 min.). fR)-2-fl-f4-amino-3-f3-fluoro-4-isopropoxyphenyl)-lH-pyrazolo[3.,4-(ilpyrimi(iin-l- yl)ethyl)-6-fluoro-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-4H-ehromen-4-one
To a solution of intermediate 8 (0.284 g, 0.989 mmol) in THF (5.0 ml), intermediate 4 (0.250 g, 0.824 mmol) and tris(4-methoxy)phenylphosphine (0.435 g, 1.23 mml) were added and stirred at RT for 5 min. Diisopropylazodicarboxylate (0.25 ml, 1.23 mmol) was added stirred at RT. After 12 hours, the reaction mixture was quenched with water and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by column chromatography with ethyl acetate :
petroleum ether to afford the title compound as an off-white solid (0.105 g, 22 % yield). MP: 145-148°C. Mass: 571.7 (M+). Enantiomeric excess: 95.4% as determined by HPLC on a chiralpak AD-H column, enriched in the late eluting isomer (retention time = 14.83 min.).

PATENT


WO 2014006572
http://www.google.com/patents/WO2014006572A1?cl=en
Figure imgf000005_0001B1 IS DESIRED

(S)-2- (l-(4-amino-3-(3-fluoro-4-isopropoxyphenyl)-lH-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-l-yl)ethyl)-6- fluoro-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-4H-chromen-4-one (compound-B l)

Intermediate 11
[119] Intermediate 11: 4-bromo-2-fluoro-l-isopropoxybenzene:To a solution of 4-bromo-2- fluorophenol (lOg, 52.35 mmol) in THF (100ml), isopropyl alcohol (4.8ml, 62.62 mmol) and triphenylphosphine (20.6g, 78.52 mmol) were added and heated to 45 C followed by diisopropylazodicarboxylate (15.4ml, 78 52 mmol). The mixture was refluxed for lh, concentrated and the residue was purified by column chromatography with ethyl acetate: petroleum ether to afford the title compound as a colourless liquid (13. lg, 99%) which was used without purification in the next step. Intermediate 12
[120] Intermediate 12: 2-(3-fluoro-4-isopropoxyphenyl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl- 1,3,2- dioxaborolane: Potassium acetate (10.52 g, 107.2 mmol) and bis(pinacolato)diboron (15g, 58.96 mmol) were added to a solution of intermediate 11 (10.52 g, 107.2 mmol) in dioxane (125 ml), and the solution was degassed for 30 min. [1,1 ‘- Bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene]dichloro palladium(II).CH2Cl2 (4.4g, 5.36 mmol) was added under nitrogen atmosphere and heated to 80°C. After 12h the reaction mixture was filtered through celite and concentrated. The crude product was purified by column chromatography with ethyl acetate: petroleum ether to afford the title compound as a yellow oil (13.9g, 99%) which was used without purification in the next step.
Intermediate 13
[121] Intermediate 13: 3-(3-fluoro-4-isopropoxyphenyl)-lH-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4- amine: To a solution of 3-iodo-lH-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (11.0 g, 42.14 mmol) in DMF 110 ml), ethanol (55 ml) and water (55 ml), intermediate 12 (23.4 g, 84.28 mmol) and sodium carbonate (13.3 g, 126.42 mmol) were added and degassed for 30 min. Tetrakis(triphenylphosphine)palladium(0) (2.4 g, 2.10 mmol) was added under nitrogen atmosphere and heated to 80°C. After 12h, the reaction mixture was filtered though celite, concentrated and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was triturated with diethyl ether, filtered and dried under vacuum to afford the title compound as light brown solid (3.2 g, 26% yield) which is used as such for the next step.
Example Bl
(S)-2-(l-(4-amino-3-(3-fluoro-4-isopropoxyphenyl)-lH-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-l- yl)ethyl)-6-fluoro-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-4H-chromen-4-one
[127] To a solution of intermediate 13 (0.134 g, 0.494 mmol) in THF (2.0 ml), intermediate 5 (0.150 g, 0.494 mmol) and triphenylphosphine (0.194 g, 0.741 mml) were added and stirred at RT for 5 min. Diisopropylazodicarboxylate ( 0.15 ml, 0.749 mmol) was added heated to 45°C. After 2h, the reaction mixture was quenched with with water and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by column chromatography with ethyl acetate : petroleum ether to afford the title compound as an off-white solid (0.049 g, 20 %). MP: 139- 142°C. Mass : 571.7 (M H-NMR (δ ppm, CDC13, 400 MHz): 8.24 (s, 1H), 7.85 (dd, J = 8.2,3.1 Hz, 1H), 7.50-7.29 (m, 5H), 7.14 (t, J = 8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.02 (m, 2H), 6.92 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 1H), 6.11 (q, J = 7.1 Hz, 1H), 5.40 (s, 2H), 4.66 (quintet, J = 6.1 Hz, 1H), 2.00 (d, J = 7.1Hz, 3H), 1.42 (d, J = 6.1 Hz, 6H). Enantiomeric excess: 89.8% as determined by HPLC on a chiralpak AD-H column, enriched in the fast eluting isomer (retention time = 10.64min.).
PATENT
US 2014/0011819 describe the synthesis of TGR-1202 (Example B l)
http://www.google.co.in/patents/US20140011819
Example B1 (S)-2-(1-(4-amino-3-(3-fluoro-4-isopropoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)ethyl)-6-fluoro-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-4H-chromen-4-one
  • To a solution of intermediate 13 (0.134 g, 0.494 mmol) in THF (2.0 ml), intermediate 5 (0.150 g, 0.494 mmol) and triphenylphosphine (0.194 g, 0.741 mml) were added and stirred at RT for 5 min. Diisopropylazodicarboxylate (0.15 ml, 0.749 mmol) was added heated to 45° C. After 2 h, the reaction mixture was quenched with with water and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by column chromatography with ethyl acetate:petroleum ether to afford the title compound as an off-white solid (0.049 g, 20%). MP: 139-142° C. Mass: 571.7 (M+).1H-NMR (δ ppm, CDCl3, 400 MHz): 8.24 (s, 1H), 7.85 (dd, J=8.2, 3.1 Hz, 1H), 7.50-7.29 (m, 5H), 7.14 (t, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.02 (m, 2H), 6.92 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 6.11 (q, J=7.1 Hz, 1H), 5.40 (s, 2H), 4.66 (quintet, J=6.1 Hz, 1H), 2.00 (d, J=7.1 Hz, 3H), 1.42 (d, J=6.1 Hz, 6H). Enantiomeric excess: 89.8% as determined by HPLC on a chiralpak AD-H column, enriched in the fast eluting isomer (retention time=10.64 min)

4-Methylbenzenesulfonate Salt of Compound B1 (S)-2-(1-(4-amino-3-(3-fluoro-4-isopropoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)ethyl)-6-fluoro-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-4H-chromen-4-one 4-methylbenzenesulfonate
  • (S)-2-(1-(4-amino-3-(3-fluoro-4-isopropoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)ethyl)-6-fluoro-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-4H-chromen-4-one 4-methylbenzenesulfonate: To (S)-2-(1-(4-amino-3-(3-fluoro-4-isopropoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)ethyl)-6-fluoro-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-4H-chromen-4-one (22.7 g, 39.69 mmol) in isopropanol (600 ml), p-toluenesulphonic acid (8.30 g, 43.66 mmol) was added and refluxed for 1 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, co-distilled with petroleum ether and dried. To the residue water (300 ml) was added and stirred for 30 min. The solid was filtered, washed with petroleum ether and dried under vacuum to afford the title compound as off-white solid (28.2 g, 95%). MP: 138-141° C. 1H-NMR (δ ppm, CDCl3, 400 MHz): 8.11 (s, 1H), 7.85 (dd, J=8.0, 3.0 Hz, 1H), 7.80 (d, J=8.2 Hz, 2H), 7.51 (dd, J=9.3, 4.3 Hz, 1H), 7.45 (dd, J=7.5, 3.1 Hz, 1H), 7.42-7.31 (m, 3H), 7.29 (m, 2H), 7.22 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 2H), 7.16 (t, J=8.3 Hz, 1H), 7.08 (dt, J=8.5, 2.5 Hz, 1H), 6.97 (br s, 1H), 6.88 (br s, 1H), 6.11 (q, J=7.2 Hz, 1H), 4.67 (quintet, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 2.36 (s, 3H), 2.03 (d, J=7.1 Hz, 3H), 1.43 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 6H). Mass: 572.4 (M++1-PTSA). Enantiomeric excess: 93.4% as determined by HPLC on a chiralpak AD-H column, enriched in the fast eluting isomer (retention time=12.35 min.)
Sulphate Salt of Compound B1 (S)-2-(1-(4-amino-3-(3-fluoro-4-isopropoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)ethyl)-6-fluoro-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-4H-chromen-4-one sulfate
  • (S)-2-(1-(4-amino-3-(3-fluoro-4-isopropoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)ethyl)-6-fluoro-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-4H-chromen-4-one sulphate: To (S)-2-(1-(4-amino-3-(3-fluoro-4-isopropoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)ethyl)-6-fluoro-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-4H-chromen-4-one (15.0 g, 26.24 mmol) in isopropanol (600 ml) was cooled to 0° C. To this Sulphuric acid (2.83 g, 28.86 mmol) was added and stirred at room temperature for 24 h. The reaction mass was filtered and washed with petroleum ether and dried under vacuum. To the solid, water (150 ml) was added and stirred for 30 min. The solid was filtered, washed with petroleum ether and dried under vacuum to afford the title compound as off-white solid (13.5 g, 76%). MP: 125-127° C. 1H-NMR (δ ppm, CDCl3, 400 MHz): 8.11 (s, 1H), 7.85 (dd, J=8.0, 3.0 Hz, 1H), 7.51 (dd, J=9.2, 4.2 Hz, 1H), 7.45-7.31 (m, 3H), 7.29 (m, 1H), 7.15 (t, J=8.3 Hz, 1H), 7.08 (dt, J=8.5, 2.4 Hz, 1H), 6.96 (br s, 1H), 6.88 (br s, 1H), 6.09 (q, J=7.1 Hz, 1H), 4.676 (quintet, J=6.1 Hz, 1H), 2.01 (d, J=7.1 Hz, 3H), 1.42 (d, J=6.1 Hz, 6H). Mass: 572.2 (M++1-H2SO4). Enantiomeric excess: 89.6% as determined by HPLC on a chiralpak AD-H column, enriched in the fast eluting isomer (retention time=12.08 min.)
  • Various other acid addition salts of compound B1 were prepared as provided in Table 1.
  • TABLE 1



    Melting


    Point
    Acid Method of preparation (° C.)

    Hydro- Compound B1 (1 eq.) dissolved in THF, 130-132
    chloric excess HCl/Et2O was added, the clear
    acid solution obtained was evaporated

    completely. The residue obtained was

    washed with water.
    p- Compound B1 (1 eq.) dissolved in 138-141° C.
    Toluene- isopropyl alcohol (IPA), refluxed for
    sulfonic 30 min., acid (1.1 eq.) in IPA was added,
    acid the clear solution obtained was

    evaporated completely. The residue

    obtained was washed with water.
    Benzene- Compound B1 (1 eq.) dissolved in IPA, 170-172
    sulphonic refluxed for 30 min., acid(1.1 eq.) in IPA
    acid was added, the clear solution not

    obtained, the residue was evaporated

    completely and was washed with water.
    Maleic Compound B1 (1 eq.) dissolved in IPA, 107-109
    acid refluxed for 30 min., acid (1.1 eq.) in IPA

    was added, the clear solution not

    obtained, the residue was evaporated

    completely and was washed with water.
    Camphor Compound B1 (1 eq.) dissolved in IPA, 120-121
    sulfonic refluxed for 30 min., acid (1.1 eq.) in IPA
    acid was added, the clear solution not

    obtained, the residue was evaporated

    completely and was washed with water.
    Sulphuric Compound B1 (1 eq.) dissolved in IPA, 125-127
    acid refluxed for 30 min., acid(1.1 eq.) in IPA

    was added, the clear solution obtained

    was evaporated completely. The residue

    obtained was washed with water.

REFERENCES
WO 2014/006572 and U.S. Patent Publication No. 2014/0011819,
http://www.tgtherapeutics.com/O’ConnorTGR202Single%20AgentEHA&Lugano2015.pdf

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Patent Submitted Granted
NOVEL SELECTIVE PI3K DELTA INHIBITORS [US2014011819] 2013-07-02 2014-01-09
Treatment Of Cancers Using PI3 Kinase Isoform Modulators [US2014377258] 2014-05-30 2014-12-25



Srikant Viswanadha

Srikant Viswanadha

Vice President at Incozen Therapeutics Pvt. Ltd.
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