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Sunday, 12 July 2015

EFINACONAZOLE

EFINACONAZOLE

 Efinaconazole.svg
Efinaconazole
(2R,3R)-2-(2,4-Difluorophenyl)-3-(4-methylene-1-piperidinyl)-1-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)-2-butanol
(2R, 3R) -2 - (2,4 - difluorophenyl) -3 - (4 - methylene-piperidin-1 - yl) -1 - (1H-1, 2,4 - triazol-1 - yl) butan-2 - manufacture ol (KP-103)
Efinaconazole is a triazole antifungal. It is approved for use in Canada as 10% topical solution for the treatment of onychomycosis (fungal infection of the nail).[1][2] Efinaconazole acts as a 14α-demethylase inhibitor.[3]
Identifiers
CAS number164650-44-6


PubChemCID 489181
ChemSpider428538
Chemical data
FormulaC18H22F2N4O
Mol. mass348.39 g/mol
SEE AT
PATENT
http://www.google.com/patents/WO2012029836A1?cl=en
Method for producing butanol derivatives - 1 - 2 - triazole Is a (compound described in Example 1 of Patent Document 1) a compound of formula 1 to be effective against fungal diseases of humans and animals are known, the present invention, (2R, 3R) - 2 - (2,4 - difluorophenyl) -3 - (4 - methylene piperidin-1 - yl) -1 - (1H-1, 2,4 - triazol-1 - yl) butan-2 - (generic name ol ( The present invention relates to preparation of their salts that Fina et Kona zole (Efinaconazole)), hereinafter abbreviated as "KP-103" or even) in: INN).
Example 1
(2R, 3R) -2 - (2,4 - difluorophenyl) -3 - (4 - methylene-piperidin-1 - yl) -1 - (1H-1, 2,4 - triazol-1 - yl) butan-2 - manufacture ol (KP-103)


Was stirred while addition of acetonitrile 80mL, lithium hydroxide 2.859g methylene piperidine hydrobromide (4-MP · HBr) 21.26g and (119.4mmol) and (119.4mmol) - 4 obtained in Production Example 1. Then, (2R, 3S) -2 - (2,4 - difluorophenyl) -3 - methyl -2 - [(1H-1, 2,4 - triazol-1 - yl) methyl] oxirane and 20g (79.6mmol) was added, and the mixture was heated under reflux for 14 hours at (external temperature 100 ℃) oil bath. After completion of the reaction, to precipitate the crystals by the addition of ethanol and distilled water to the reaction solution. Thereafter, the crystals were filtered, washed with ethanol / water mixture 40mL, and naturally dried at room temperature for 12 hours and dried under reduced pressure at 40 ℃, KP-103 24.2g light yellow 87.3% (yield, HPLC purity 95.3 % I got).
1 H-NMR (500MHz, CDCl 3)
δ: 0.96 (3H, dd, J = 2.68, 7.08 Hz), 2.13-2.26 (4H, m), 2.35 (2H, br), 2.70 (2H, br) ,2.90-2 .94 (1H, q, J = 7.08 Hz), 4.64 (2H, s), 4.82 (1H, dd, J = 0.73, 14.39 Hz), 4.87 (1H, dd, J = 0.73, 14.39 Hz), 5.45 (1H, s), 6.72-6.81 (2H , m), 7.51 (1H, dt, J = 6.59, 9.03 Hz), 7.78 (1H, s),
8.02 (1H, s).
FAB-MS m / z: 349 [M + H] +
:86-89 ℃ melting point
Optical rotation: [α] D 25 -87 ~ -91 ° (C = 1.0, methanol)




“Drugs at FDA: JUBLIA”. Retrieved 26 June 2014.
NDA Appl No
RLD Active Ingredient Dosage Form; Route Strength Proprietary Name Applicant
N203567
Yes EFINACONAZOLE SOLUTION; TOPICAL 10% JUBLIA DOW PHARM
JUNE6 2014 APPROVED

Patent Data

Appl No Prod No US Patent No Patent
Expiration
Drug Substance
Claim
Drug Product
Claim
Patent Use
Code

N203567 001 7214506 Oct 5, 2021

U – 281
N203567 001 8039494 Jul 8, 2030

U – 281
N203567 001 8486978 Oct 24, 2030
Y

Exclusivity Data

Appl No Prod No Exclusivity Code Exclusivity Expiration
N203567 001 NCE Jun 6, 2019
Efinaconazole is a triazole antifungal. It is approved for use in Canada as 10% topical solution for the treatment of onychomycosis (fungal infection of the nail).[1][2] Efinaconazole acts as a 14α-demethylase inhibitor.[3]



UPDATED



Efinaconazole.svg
Efinaconazole
(2R,3R)-2-(2,4-Difluorophenyl)-3-(4-methylene-1-piperidinyl)-1-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)-2-butanol
(2R,3R)-2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-3-(4-methylenepiperidine-1-yl)-1-(1H-1,2,4-triazole-1-yl)-butane-2-ol
EFINACONAZOLE,
KP-103,
cas 164650-44-6, Efinaconazole [INN], UNII-J82SB7FXWB,  AC1LAJ21, Efinaconazole [USAN:INN],
  • Efinaconazole
  • Jublia
  • KP-103
  • UNII-J82SB7FXWB
(2R,3R)-2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-3-(4-methylidenepiperidin-1-yl)-1-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)butan-2-ol
Molecular Formula: C18H22F2N4O   Molecular Weight: 348.390286
Chemical structure for EFINACONAZOLEefinaconazole
 




1H NMR PREDICT


(2R,3R)-2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-3-(4-methylidenepiperidin-1-yl)-1-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)butan-2-ol NMR spectra analysis, Chemical CAS NO. 164650-44-6 NMR spectral analysis, (2R,3R)-2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-3-(4-methylidenepiperidin-1-yl)-1-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)butan-2-ol H-NMR spectrum






………………………………………
 13C NMR PREDICT
(2R,3R)-2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-3-(4-methylidenepiperidin-1-yl)-1-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)butan-2-ol NMR spectra analysis, Chemical CAS NO. 164650-44-6 NMR spectral analysis, (2R,3R)-2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-3-(4-methylidenepiperidin-1-yl)-1-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)butan-2-ol C-NMR spectrum



 COSY PREDICT

HMBC PREDICT



...............................
 ELABORATION

1H NMR PREDICT




13C NMR



PATENT
Figure US20130150586A1-20130613-C00002
Example 1Production of (2R,3R)-2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-3-(4-methylenepiperidin-1-yl)-1-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)butan-2-ol (KP-103)21.26 g (119.4 mmol) of the 4-methylenepiperidine hydrobromide (4-MP.HBr) obtained in Production 1 and 2.859 g (119.4 mmol) of lithium hydroxide were added to 80 mL of acetonitrile and stirred for a while. Thereafter, 20 g (79.6 mmol) of (2R,3S)-2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-3-methyl-2-[(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)methyl]oxirane was added and the mixture was heated under reflux in an oil bath (external temperature: 100° C.) for 14 hours. After the reaction completed, ethanol and distilled water were added to the reaction mixture, whereupon a crystal was precipitated. Thereafter, the crystal was filtered off, washed with 40 mL of an ethanol/water mixture, dried with air at room temperature and further dried under reduced pressure at 40° C. for 12 hours to give a pale yellow crystal of KP-103 in an amount of 24.2 g (yield, 87.3%; purity on HPLC, 95.3%).

1H-NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3)δ: 0.96 (3H, dd, J=2.68, 7.08 Hz), 2.13-2.26 (4H, m), 2.35 (2H, br), 2.70 (2H, br), 2.90-2.94 (1H, q, J=7.08 Hz), 4.64 (2H, s), 4.82 (1H, dd, J=0.73, 14.39 Hz), 4.87 (1H, dd, J=0.73, 14.39 Hz), 5.45 (1H, s), 6.72-6.81 (2H, m), 7.51 (1H, dt, J=6.59, 9.03 Hz), 7.78 (1H, s), 8.02 (1H, s).
FAB-MS m/z: 349 [M+H]+
melting point: 86-89° C.
optical rotation: [α]D 25 −87 to −91° (C=1.0, methanol)
………………………………….
Journal of Organic Chemistry, 2014 ,  vol. 79,   7  pg. 3272 – 3278
A new synthetic route, the shortest reported to date, to access a key intermediate for the synthesis of various triazole antifungal agents was developed. The elusive tetrasubstituted stereogenic center that is essential in advanced triazole antifungal agents was constructed via the catalytic asymmetric cyanosilylation of a ketone. The subsequent transformations were performed in two one-pot operations, enhancing the overall synthetic efficiency toward the intermediate. This streamlined synthetic approach was successfully applied to efficient enantioselective syntheses of efinaconazole (Jublia) and ravuconazole.
Figure
Scheme 3. Synthesis of Efinaconazole (Jublia)
(2R,3R)-2-(2,4-Difluorophenyl)-3-(4-methylenepiperidin-1-yl)-1-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)butan-2-ol (Efinaconazole)
To a solution of 1 (54.2 mg, 0.216 mmol) in EtOH (217 μL) was added 4-methylenepiperidine (147 mg, 1.51 mmol), ……………………deleted………………. see original…………….. was purified using silica gel column chromatography (CHCl3/MeOH = 10:1) to give 67.6 mg ofefinaconazole (90% yield) as a colorless amorphous solid.
[α]D20 −87.8 (c 1.12, CHCl3);
1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.00 (s, 1H), 7.76 (s, 1H), 7.51–7.45 (m, 1H), 6.78–6.68 (m, 2H), 5.50 (brs, 1H), 4.85 (d,J = 14.4 Hz, 1H), 4.78 (d, J = 14.4 Hz, 1H), 4.61 (s, 2H), 2.88 (q, J = 6.9 Hz, 1H), 2.66 (br s, 2H), 2.32 (br s, 2H), 2.21–2.17 (m, 4H), 0.93 (dd, J = 6.9, 2.1 Hz, 3H);

13C NMR (150 MHz, CDCl3) δ 162.5 (dd, J = 250, 13 Hz), 158.5 (dd, J = 246, 12 Hz), 151.3, 145.9, 144.4, 130.6 (dd, J = 8.7, 5.8 Hz), 124.7 (dd, J= 14, 3.6 Hz), 111.4 (dd, J = 20, 2.9 Hz), 108.1, 104.1 (dd, J = 28, 25 Hz), 77.7 (d, J = 5.8 Hz), 64.4, 55.9 (d, J = 8.7 Hz), 52.4, 35.2, 7.63 (d, J = 2.9 Hz);

19F NMR (376 MHz, CDCl3) δ −105.8, −110.7;

IR (CHCl3, cm–1) ν 3423, 3073, 2979, 2939, 2899, 2810, 1615, 1498, 1418, 1273, 1138;

HRMS (ESI-TOF) calcd for C18H23ON4F2 [M + H]+ m/z 349.1834, found 349.1828.
……………

SYN
http://newdrugapprovals.org/2014/06/10/valeant-pharmaceuticals-announces-fda-approval-of-jublia-for-the-treatment-of-onychomycosis/


updated
1H NMR

Displaying image001.png

get clear pic at........http://pubs.acs.org/doi/suppl/10.1021/jo500369y/suppl_file/jo500369y_si_001.pdf

13C NMR


Displaying image002.png

get clear pic at........http://pubs.acs.org/doi/suppl/10.1021/jo500369y/suppl_file/jo500369y_si_001.pdf


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09b37-misc2b027LIONEL MY SON
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